Tulare, Calif. (Feb. 11, 2014) – Cummins Inc. (NYSE: CMI) today showed the new QSF3.8 engine at World Ag Expo in Tulare, Calif., with a power output extending from 85 hp to 132 hp (63-98 kW), ready to meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Tier 4 Final emissions regulations. The 3.8-liter engine redefines the meaning of 4-cylinder compact agricultural power by delivering an unprecedented combination of performance and durability, with economical operation.
The QSF3.8 simplifies Tier 4 Final integration in a wide range of agricultural equipment, meeting near-zero emissions standards with a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)-only aftertreatment system. With Particulate Matter (PM) reduction focused in-cylinder, the QSF3.8 avoids the need for either a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) or a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF).
The innovative SCR-only system features an extra-high-efficiency catalyst able to convert oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions at lower exhaust temperatures while requiring only low-dosing levels of AdBlue®/Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF). The SCR-only system has been developed by Cummins Emission Solutions based on industry-leading experience, with over 1 million SCR systems supplied.
The higher efficiency of the SCR-only aftertreatment also reduces the amount of cooled exhaust gas being recirculated by the engine, with a corresponding reduction in engine loading and cooling demand. The lighter-flow Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system enables the performance potential of the QSF3.8 to be fully realized, with the 132-hp output leading the below-4-liter engine class. Peak torque of 360 lb-ft (488 N•m) is effortlessly delivered by the simple but effective Cummins wastegated turbocharger used for all QSF3.8 ratings.
“The new QSF3.8 will take compact agricultural equipment forward to Tier 4 Final/Stage IV standards with more power, more economy and more durability than ever expected for an engine of this size,” said Nishant Prabhu, General Manager – Cummins Agriculture Business.
“We took on the challenge of introducing the 3.8-liter engine with the simplest and smallest aftertreatment solution we could develop, and our SCR-only approach has succeeded in creating that advantage for increasingly space-constrained equipment,” added Prabhu.
The QSF3.8 continues to uphold the enviable reputation established by the popular Cummins QSB3.3 at Tier 4 Interim emissions regulations. Although it is larger in displacement, and meets stricter emissions standards, the QSF3.8 achieves fuel efficiency similar to that of the 3.3-liter engine while providing 10 percent higher power output and increasing peak torque by 18 percent.
The QSF3.8 is equivalent in size and weight to the current QSB3.3, providing an easier transition from Tier 4 Interim to Tier 4 Final for compact equipment installations.
An extensive field-test program for the QSF3.8 is underway, focused on the toughest duty cycles and most challenging applications. The new 3.8-liter engine will be available for equipment manufacturers ahead of Tier 4 Final, taking effect in January 2015, for engines within the 75 hp-to-173 hp (60-129 kW) category.
Smaller Meets Stronger
The QSF3.8 is built with exceptional strength at the heart of the engine, and is capable of the same peak cylinder pressure as the larger Cummins QSB4.5. This means that the QSF3.8 is designed to operate at relaxed ease, resulting in higher in-service reliability and engine durability than equipment operators or rental companies will have experienced before from a compact engine, enhancing the residual value of their QSF3.8-powered equipment.
The QSF3.8 also takes a design lead from the Cummins QSB4.5 engine by featuring a rear gear train, providing superior mounting stiffness and lower gear noise. The high-strength cast-iron block has a sculpted design, allowing unnecessary weight to be removed while retaining maximum rigidity. The use of composite material for the valve cover and oil pan brings a further weight reduction, contributing to the impressive power-to-weight credentials of the QSF3.8.
Less To Service
With robust performance and maintenance requirements kept to a minimum, the QSF3.8 is ideally suited to the high-hour duty cycles of the rental equipment market.
Servicing is made simpler through remote mounting of the Electronic Control Module (ECM), for easy plug-in diagnostics and data downloads. The oil fill, lube filter and fuel filter are set up for rapid service, with 500-hour intervals.
The QSF3.8 features the Cummins Direct Flow™ air filtration system, which provides greater dust-holding capacity in a smaller package, and has a filter element change interval at least twice that of a conventional air filter. The filter also features an embedded smart sensor to fully integrate air-intake flow with the engine combustion.
The engine is equipped with a robust High Pressure Common Rail (HPCR) fuel system driven by Cummins full-authority electronic controls, delivering dependable and fuel-efficient performance.
To protect the fuel injectors against fuel contaminated with hard particles, a two-stage fuel filter system with Cummins latest NanoNet™ media traps almost 99 percent of all particles as small as 5 microns, so that the filter works more effectively for longer with less fuel-flow restriction.
The QSF3.8 crankcase ventilation system eliminates blowby gas emissions to provide an ultra-clean engine. The system has a patented design, integrated into the camshaft, with no service requirements.
The engine lubricating pump is driven by the crankshaft rather than driven by gear from the camshaft – an approach that benefits the design through its simplicity and packaging. Noise is reduced, and oil flow is improved during cold starts. A compact cooling module on the engine brings together the water pump, oil filter and oil cooler, leading to improved pressure management and better reliability.
QSF Clean-Sheet Design
The QSF3.8, like the QSF2.8 before it, is the result of clean-sheet design collaboration among Cummins technical teams located in Europe, China and the United States that are focused on introducing a fully global engine platform with forward-looking architecture.
The QSF off-highway platform shares a parent design with the preceding ISF on-highway engine. With over 170,000 ISF engines operating in Russia, China, South America and the Middle East, this proven engine population fully validates base engine reliability and durability.
Broadest-Ever 4-Cylinder Range About Cummins Inc.
The QSF3.8, together with the QSF2.8 and QSB4.5, extends Cummins 4-cylinder engine range to a broadest-ever 49 hp-to-173 hp (37-129 N•m) capability for Tier 4 Final emissions standards, bringing electronic commonality and diagnostics.
Cummins Inc., a global power leader, is a corporation of complementary business units that design, manufacture, distribute and service diesel and natural gas engines and related technologies, including fuel systems, controls, air handling, filtration, emission solutions and electrical power generation systems. Headquartered in Columbus, Indiana, (USA) Cummins currently employs approximately 48,000 people worldwide and serves customers in approximately 190 countries and territories through a network of approximately 600 company-owned and independent distributor locations and approximately 6,500 dealer locations. Cummins earned $1.48 billion on sales of $17.3 billion in 2013. Press releases can be found on the Web at cummins.com or cumminsengines.com. Follow Cummins on Twitter at twitter.com/cumminsengines
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